FBE International Contract Competition 2020 – Bilbao, 27-29 March 2020

The FBE International Contract Competition (the Competition) is an
educational event in which young lawyers from different jurisdictions
meet each other to simulate commercial contract case.

The basis for the Competition is a commercial contract case which
contains a situation, focused on a digital business, concerning
conditions of partners that would like to cooperate. Young lawyers
(national “law firms” – “teams”) from different jurisdictions form pairs
and negotiate the contract.

The goals of the Competition include building relations between
lawyers from different jurisdictions and enhancing international
cooperation skills in the field of law.

DÍA MUNDIAL DEL ABOGADO EN PELIGRO, 24.01.20

Matériel à disposition pour la Journée Mondiale 2020 que vous pouvez librement utiliser et diffuser sur vos différents supports / Material available for World Day 2020 that you can freely use and distribute on your various media:

  • A document relating to the World Focus Day Pakistan 2020 to be distributed online /un document relatif à la Journée mondiale focus Pakistan 2020 à diffuser en ligne :
  • Un dépliant/brochure sur le Pakistan/ à imprimer et à diffuser au format papier / A leaflet / brochure on Pakistan / to print and distribute in paper format
  • Un document explicatif général et la situation des avocats / A general explanatory document and the situation of lawyers
  • Une affiche à imprimer éventuellement en grand format / A poster to print, possibly in large format
  • Un film de présentation de l’OIAD (anglais/sous-titré français): https://we.tl/t-j663lGOGGw (disponible par ce lien pendant une semaine, n’hésitez pas à nous écrire si le lien a expiré nous vous en enverrons un nouveau) / • an OIAD presentation film (English / French subtitles): https://we.tl/t-j663lGOGGw  (available via this link for one week, do not hesitate to write to us if the link has expired we will send you a new one)

Lien vers le site de la Fondation Day of the Endangered Lawyer /  Link to the Day of the Endangered Lawyer Foundation website: http://dayoftheendangeredlawyer.eu/

Tous ces documents sont à télécharger en cliquant sur l’onglet de la langue choisie / All these documents are to be downloaded by clicking on the tab of the chosen language

FBE Human Rights Commission – Hong Kong Report

HongKong is a city of about 7 million inhabitants. It contends the title of Asia’s NewYork with Singapore. During the months of August, September and October 2019 has arisen a  surreal atmosphere. From June 2019 every week there are protests in various parts of the city against the central government of Beijing; moreover the governor of Hong Kong nominated by China, Carrie Lam, has promulgated the Extradition Bill. That shows haw is true that HK does not have a mayor but a governor appointed by China.

Even if HongKong is located China, it is a city where English and Cantonese are spoken because it was an English colony until 1997 and it should have a substantial autonomy from China for 50 years until 2047.

The Extraditon Bill is a law that would allow China to extradite Hong Kong citizens to the rest of China by depriving them of the independent justice that should exist in Hong Kong. In reality, many rights and freedoms are being debated as freedom of communication (whatspp and facebook are used only in hongkong) and freedom of the press, in fact  publishing in hong kong is free meanwhile in China is clearly censored (is known the story of the 5 publishers in Hong Kong arrested and made to disappear in China).

Thanks to the support of Dutch lawyers, who arrived in Hong Kong at the beginning of August, I came into contact with the (CHRLCG) China Human Rights Lawyers Concern Group.

All the Hong Kong lawyers that I met were very cooperative and through them I also had the chance to attend court hearings. I have  to thank the lawyer Ho.

I was in Hong Kong until about the middle of September. During the week the city experiences its widespread economy particularly in the Central district, and Soho, among glittering skyscrapers, art galleries and trendy clubs, work incessantly for managers, financial operators, lawyers.

At two subway stops, on the main island in the Causeway Bay and Wan Chai district, incessant protests take place every week starting on Friday. The same thing happens on the other side of the bay in the Kowloon peninsula.

As soon as I arrived I participated as an international observer in various protests and I was personally victim of totally unjustified firing of tear gas during a pacif demostration. The tear gas, in addition to hurting the eyes, causes a strong sense of suffocation and this forced everyone to always wear masks or gas masks. The international press was easily identifiable with yellow bibs and written “Media” or “Press”.

Supposedly, the protests lack of a leader and the organization of information about the protest sites they are easily traceable on the internet. I was in contact with journalists from Taiwan and Japanese photographers who I supported as an observer and I always had quick news on places and times.

I saw arbitrary police arrests and often I felt that the police were arresting at random. I saw on one occasion a person who was handcuffed to the ground was hit with at least 2 kicks.

During the weeks of protests many people have seen that I was a foreign and they showed me their friends’ medical certification, but I didn’t see these things directly. I was told that during the interrogations the police pointed a laser straight into an eye of the arrested person, as a form of torture to make people talk and that only at the end of the interrogation was the possibility to call a lawyer. The lawyer was never called immediately but only after 5/7 hours

On Sunday 18 August I witnessed an impressive demonstration of over one million people (the organizers say almost 2 million people) that against police brutality.

Over the weeks the situation got worse the protesters decided to attack also HongKong Airport, substantially blocking the various services, and recently clashes took place in the undergrounds.

The police steadly used water canon, tear gas and batons against protesters, who sometimes i had seen damage some government buildings and metro station.

At the beginning of September, shortly before I returned to Italy, the extradition law was officially revoked on 4 September.

For clarity five are the demands of the protesters

1) Complete withdrawal of the extradition bill

2) Retraction of the characterization of the “revolt”: the government initially characterized the protest of June 12 as “revolt”.

3) Release and exemption of arrested protesters: (when 1100 people were arrested, more than 2,000 arrests are now arrested in October. The average of 3 a day)

4) Establishment of an independent commission of inquiry into the conduct of the police and the use of force during the protest

5) Resignation of Carrie Lam and implementation of universal suffrage for free election in Hong Kong and not a governor appointed by the Chinese government

It is very difficult to synthesize the many experiences lived in HongKong but I tried to be telegraphic in order to eventually deepe it at another time.

I was very lucky to have know a amazing lawyer from Sri Lanka, a poet, human rights activist, publisher of “Article 2”, an extraordinary man of 75 who fights for human rights in Hong Kong. His name is Basil Fernando. In 2014, he was awarded the Right Livelihood Award, a Swedish international award called “a alternative nobel prize”. A award to “honor and support those offering practical and exemplary answers to the most urgent challenges facing us today.”

Basil Fernando at 75 is still the heart and brain of the AHRC.

The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) an independent, non-governmental organization, which seeks to promote greater awareness and realisation of human rights in the Asian region, and to mobilise Asian and international public opinion to obtain relief and redress for the victims of human rights violations.

They deal with at least 16 countries in Asia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Nepal; Cambodia, parts of India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, Burma. Now they are treating the tragedy of Rohingya refugees between Bangladesh and Mymair.

I cannot forget the support of the Asian Human Rights Commission based in Hong Kong. The help and collaboration started with Basil Fernando and Zaman from Bangladesh and all the other people in  AHRC that with great lack of economic means but with very strong motivations work evrey day for human rights. We will have to look  to support them and also organize a fundraiser.

The moment I write the situation is probably worse. On 1 October, large-scale demonstrations were held on the anniversary of the Republic of China, with an 18-year-old student protester shot by the police with a bullet.

Trying to curb the protests, an anti-mask law was activated on October 4th, so masks were forbidden for protesters as they would avoid identification. Anyone who wears a mask at legitimate gatherings and marches, unlawful or unauthorized assemblies or in revolt could be sentenced up to a maximum of one year of imprisonment and a fine of HK $ 25,000 (just under 3,000 euros).

The above relationship was made in collaboration with our friend F.Christian Di NARDO, Criminal Lawyer and Human Rights Lawyer, Bologna / Italy.

Resolución sobre la necesidad de aumentar la protección de la profesión de abogado – Lisboa, 26.10.19

La Asamblea General de la Federación de Colegios de Abogados de Europa (FBE) celebrada en Lisboa el 26 de octubre de 2019, que representa a 250 colegios de abogados y a su millón de abogados colegiados, expresó su profunda preocupación por la violación grave de los derechos de los abogados y la falta de protección eficaz para la profesión jurídica en todo el mundo.

Considerando el papel fundamental de los abogados en el sistema judicial, crucial para reforzar el Estado de derecho y defender los derechos humanos de las personas, y

Considerando la necesidad de que cada Estado proporcione un alto grado de protección contra toda forma de violencia, acoso, amenazas, encarcelamiento, vigilancia, desapariciones forzadas y asesinatos de abogados, y

Conforme a la postura constante y la responsabilidad de la FBE de proteger los derechos humanos de todas las personas y la postura constante que debe poder garantizarse en todo momento a los abogados con el fin de mantener el honor y la dignidad de su profesión como agentes esenciales de la administración de justicia.

La FBE recuerda que todos los Estados tienen la obligación positiva de garantizar que los abogados puedan llevar a cabo sus funciones profesionales sin intimidación, obstrucción, acoso ni interferencias indebidas,

La FBE recuerda que la falta de recursos eficaces para la protección de los derechos de los abogados conduce a la imposibilidad de poder ejercer la profesión jurídica de forma libre, independiente y de conformidad con sus principios básicos, lo que arruina la democracia y pone en peligro el Estado de derecho,

La FBE SOLICITA a las autoridades nacionales que establezcan un marco jurídico que ofrezca la protección adecuada a la profesión jurídica cuando la seguridad de los abogados se vea amenazada como resultado del desempeño de sus funciones.

La FBE EXPRESA su disposición para apoyar este proceso y prestar ayuda a todos los colegios de abogados nacionales durante la campaña de sensibilización para aplicar las normas internacionales y proteger la profesión del abogado.

Resolución sobre el asesinato de Derk WIERSUM – Lisboa, 26.10.19

El FBE condena enérgicamente el asesinato de Derk Wiersum en Ámsterdam, Países Bajos, el 18 de septiembre de 2019.

La FBE expresa su pesar por el aumento en el número de amenazas y ataques sufridos por todos los miembros de la profesión jurídica.

Hace un llamamiento a los gobiernos para que tomen todas las medidas necesarias para evitar la violencia contra los miembros de la profesión jurídica.

Resolución sobre la protección efectiva de German ROMERO – Lisboa, 26.10.19

El sábado 26 de octubre de 2019, la Asamblea General de la FBE reunida en Lisboa expresó su gran preocupación por las amenazas de muerte recibidas por el abogado defensor de los derechos humanos Germán Romero, el 3 de octubre de 2019, en una campaña de intimidación que incluyó el robo de su ordenador con información confidencial. El señor Romero representa a víctimas de agentes del Estado en casos de gran notoriedad, como la masacre en el Palacio de Justicia de Bogotá en 1985.

La Federación, que representa a más de 1 millón de abogados europeos, hace un llamamiento al gobierno colombiano para que proporcione protección efectiva al señor Romero y para que mejore el sistema de justicia penal para acabar con las amenazas, ataques y asesinatos de defensores de los derechos humanos.