Resolución sobre la necesidad de aumentar la protección de la profesión de abogado – Lisboa, 26.10.19

La Asamblea General de la Federación de Colegios de Abogados de Europa (FBE) celebrada en Lisboa el 26 de octubre de 2019, que representa a 250 colegios de abogados y a su millón de abogados colegiados, expresó su profunda preocupación por la violación grave de los derechos de los abogados y la falta de protección eficaz para la profesión jurídica en todo el mundo.

Considerando el papel fundamental de los abogados en el sistema judicial, crucial para reforzar el Estado de derecho y defender los derechos humanos de las personas, y

Considerando la necesidad de que cada Estado proporcione un alto grado de protección contra toda forma de violencia, acoso, amenazas, encarcelamiento, vigilancia, desapariciones forzadas y asesinatos de abogados, y

Conforme a la postura constante y la responsabilidad de la FBE de proteger los derechos humanos de todas las personas y la postura constante que debe poder garantizarse en todo momento a los abogados con el fin de mantener el honor y la dignidad de su profesión como agentes esenciales de la administración de justicia.

La FBE recuerda que todos los Estados tienen la obligación positiva de garantizar que los abogados puedan llevar a cabo sus funciones profesionales sin intimidación, obstrucción, acoso ni interferencias indebidas,

La FBE recuerda que la falta de recursos eficaces para la protección de los derechos de los abogados conduce a la imposibilidad de poder ejercer la profesión jurídica de forma libre, independiente y de conformidad con sus principios básicos, lo que arruina la democracia y pone en peligro el Estado de derecho,

La FBE SOLICITA a las autoridades nacionales que establezcan un marco jurídico que ofrezca la protección adecuada a la profesión jurídica cuando la seguridad de los abogados se vea amenazada como resultado del desempeño de sus funciones.

La FBE EXPRESA su disposición para apoyar este proceso y prestar ayuda a todos los colegios de abogados nacionales durante la campaña de sensibilización para aplicar las normas internacionales y proteger la profesión del abogado.

Resolución sobre el asesinato de Derk WIERSUM – Lisboa, 26.10.19

El FBE condena enérgicamente el asesinato de Derk Wiersum en Ámsterdam, Países Bajos, el 18 de septiembre de 2019.

La FBE expresa su pesar por el aumento en el número de amenazas y ataques sufridos por todos los miembros de la profesión jurídica.

Hace un llamamiento a los gobiernos para que tomen todas las medidas necesarias para evitar la violencia contra los miembros de la profesión jurídica.

Resolución sobre la protección efectiva de German ROMERO – Lisboa, 26.10.19

El sábado 26 de octubre de 2019, la Asamblea General de la FBE reunida en Lisboa expresó su gran preocupación por las amenazas de muerte recibidas por el abogado defensor de los derechos humanos Germán Romero, el 3 de octubre de 2019, en una campaña de intimidación que incluyó el robo de su ordenador con información confidencial. El señor Romero representa a víctimas de agentes del Estado en casos de gran notoriedad, como la masacre en el Palacio de Justicia de Bogotá en 1985.

La Federación, que representa a más de 1 millón de abogados europeos, hace un llamamiento al gobierno colombiano para que proporcione protección efectiva al señor Romero y para que mejore el sistema de justicia penal para acabar con las amenazas, ataques y asesinatos de defensores de los derechos humanos.

FBE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION – Situation of Lawyers in the Philippines

UIA (Internationa Association of Lawyers) has been following the situation of lawyers in the Philippines for a few years.

Lawyers have been indeed the target of increasing attacks and are facing an oppressive working environment. At least 42 lawyers and prosecutors have been killed between July 2016 and September 5, 2019 including 24 practicing lawyers. Lawyers are also harassed and intimidated: they are subjected to (death) threats, surveillance, labelling, and other forms of attacks. Many of the lawyers have been “red-tagged” over allegations they support communist rebel groups.

Most of these attacks against lawyers took place as a result of discharging professional duties or are seemingly work-related. Especially at risk are lawyers representing people accused of terrorist or drug-related crimes, or those who are critical of the government’s policies or behaviour, such as journalists, political opposition leaders, and human rights defenders.

On March 14-18, 2019, an international delegation of lawyers representing various lawyers’ groups, including UIA, reported from Manilla after a fact-finding mission about the alarming situation on the Philippines.

Dutch Organization Lawyers for Lawyers initiated the statement signed for more than 150 bars, organizations and individual lawyers.

 UIA, Lawyers for Lawyers and more than 150 bar associations, international and national lawyer’s organizations, and legal professionals from 49 countries around the world called on the Government of the Philippines to take all necessary measures to stop the attacks against and extrajudicial killings of lawyers and to end the culture of impunity in which these attacks occur.

The above report was made in cooperation with our Friend Ms Romina BOSSA ABIVEN Human Rights and Legal Profession Project Assistant, Paris/France.

FBE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION – TRIAL OBSERVATION PROJECT TURKEY

The FBE Human Rights Commission, not indifferent to the situation observed in Turkey over the years, began the Turkey Trial Observation Project over two years ago.

The FBE has expressed its support for the rule of law and freedom of speech in Turkey for many years. Over the past 10 years, six resolutions have been adopted in support of respect for human rights in Turkey in the widest sense of the area. FBE members regularly support all initiatives to protect human rights in Turkey by participating as observers our colleagues’ lawyers and journalists trials in Turkey.

The FBE Human Rights Commission has also actively joined these activities not only by participating in the trials as the observers, but also by conducting various discussions with other lawyers, officials, taking part in bilateral meetings, petitioning various types of petitions, supporting resolutions or appearing as a speaker at congresses in Turkey (“Dark Side of the Moon”/September 2018).

 “In July 2019 lawyers from France, Greece, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany and the Netherlands (Peter Hanenberg/Nardy Desloover) observed several hearings in Istanbul (Turkey).                  All cases were criminal cases against lawyers who are accused of terrorist related activities. In the three particular cases, the lawyers involved all share the same line of defence: they were representing and defending clients and – therewith – were doing nothing else than fulfilling their duty as a defence lawyer.

Since (roughly) 2011 there have been numerous cases against professionals who have allegedly acted in favour of terrorists or criticasters of the Turkish regime. Amongst them lawyers, but also journalists, academics, judges, union leaders et cetera.  Lawyers have to face the governmental starting point: If you help or assist someone who is critical or even a (supposed) terrorist, you yourself are acting as a terrorist. Thereby the Havana Rules (f.i. article 18: Lawyers shall not be identified with their clients or their clients’ causes…) are trampled or – more mildly worded – ignored.

Many lawyers have been (or still are) detained in pre-trial custody for many years (up to 5 years!). Recently, in March 2019, lawyers were convicted to long time prison sentences (up to 19 years!). Evidence often looks thin and stories about manipulation of proof are persistent. Exercising one’s legal profession is a hazardous activity.

Especially because the eminent function of the legal profession is at stake, it is of great importance to monitor hearings against lawyers. It is important to show solidarity with the lawyers involved and to hammer continuously on the importance of the (independent) legal profession and its essential role in the rule of law.

Therefore, trial observation is only a part (though important) of the unfolded activities. Discussions are frequent with the local and national Bar associations, as well as with representatives of all kind of law firms. Impartiality – not regarding the rule of law, but – in the cases pending is important. Though all foreign lawyers sympathise with the accused, we don’t express prepossession. We do not interfere in the question whether a persecuted lawyer is guilty or not guilty, but we do express and emphasize that identification of a lawyer with his or her client is a gross negation of the Basic Principles as laid down in the Havana Rules. Drawing attention to those principles can never be excessive.”

The above report was made in cooperation with our Friend Mr Nardy Desloover (lawyer  in Rotterdam/the Netherlands) who works tightly with us.

 

La FBE soutient les avocats tunisiens

A l’invitation de l’ordre national des avocats, les avocats tunisiens organisent le 27 septembre 2019 une journée de colère sur l’ensemble du territoire devant les juridictions du pays.

Ce mouvement est mené en protestation contre les déclarations du président de l’Association des Magistrats Tunisiens, qui accuse les avocats du collectif de défense des martyrs, Bélaïd et Brahmi d’avoir envahi de force le bureau du procureur de la République et saccagé son contenu. Le bâtonnier de l’ordre des avocats, Brahim Bouderbala, a fermement contesté ces accusations en déclarant qu’ un groupe de magistrats entend engager un bras de fer avec les avocats.

La FBE entend apporter tout son soutien au barreau tunisien, membre observateur de la FBE et appelle à un dialogue constructif entre avocats et magistrats.

La Federación de Colegios de Abogados de Europa (FBE) apoya a los abogados franceses que se manifiestan en contra la Reforma de las pensiones

La Federación de Colegiosde Abogados de Europa (FBE), que agrupa 250 colegios que representan 1 millón de abogados, muestra su apoyo a sus Asociaciones de Colegios de Abogados y sus compañeros franceses, los cuales el próximo lunes día 16 de septiembre se manifestarán contra el proyecto de ley de reforma en las pensiones ante la llamada del Consejo Nacional de Abogados de Francia.

“Debilitar la pensión de los abogados amenaza el acceso a la justicia” afirma Silvia Gimenez-Salinas, Presidenta de la FBE.

Los abogados de Francia rechazan las propuestas del informe presentado al gobierno que prevé una duplicación de sus contribuciones, un estancamiento o incluso una regresión de sus pensiones y la fusión de su sistema de pensiones autónomo en un régimen universal por puntos.

“¿Qué profesión puede cobrar una duplicación de sus contribuciones sociales?” Denuncia Dominique ATTIAS, vicepresidenta de la FBE y ex vicepresidenta del Colegio de Abogados de París. “Está en juego el futuro de nuestra profesión y, con él, el futuro de la justicia y el derecho”.

La FBE estará representada en la manifestación que comenzará el lunes 16 de septiembre a las 14:00 desde la Plaza de la Opera, en París, hasta llegar a la Plaza de la Nación.

Contacto:
Jordi Crisol. Responsable de Prensa de la FBE
jcrisol@thinkoclock.eu
626 049 638

FBE II International Human Rights Oratory Competition for young lawyers and law students – Berlin, 13-14 September 2019

We had passion, we had logic, we had statute and precedent, and we had ancient history and philosophy from Greece and Rome. The Young Lawyers Human Rights Oratory Competition of the FBE demonstrated how strong the commitment of young Europeans is to human rights.

The competition was held in the Hans Litten House, the offices of the Rechtsanwaltkammer (RAK). Nezih Ulkekul of the RAK gave a warm and well received welcome, and thanks were given to the representatives of the RAK from the President of the Human Rights commission, Artur Wierzbicki.

The 18 candidates from 12 bar associations presented legal argument in English to a panel of 5 judges. President of the FBE Human Rights Commission, Artur Wierzbicki presided over the panel as President, and Monique Stengel, from Paris and FBE Treasurer represented the Presidency of the FBE, Marc Wesser, Vice President of the Commission and member of the Berlin Bar, Bedia Ayşegül Tansen of the Istanbul Bar and Professor Sara Chandler QC (Hon) Past President of the FBE, joined Mr Wierzbicki on the panel.

The topic for the competition was “Freedom of Speech”. The 18 semi-finalists presented well prepared speeches which were varied in their approach to the legal argument as well in their oratory style. It was a hard task for the panel to choose four to be the finalists on Day Two. The topic for day two “The criminalisation of those who facilitate the travel of refugees is against human rights” was treated in debate style, with two for and two against.  In each team one candidate presented and the second speaker rebutted. The candidates had only 2 hours to research and prepare their debate speeches. The judges put a question to all of them to test their spontaneous responses, and heard from the four candidates what each would do to draft legislation in respect of human trafficking.

 

The result was:

1st: Fatima Oraibi from Antwerp;

2nd: Sophie Lucas from Westminster & Holborn;

3rd: Ronald Elek, from Cluj;

4th: Julide Hancer from Istanbul.

 

Fatima Oraibi will attend the FBE Congress in Lisbon 24 -26 October to attend the Human Rights Commission and receive her prize and recognition from the General Assembly. She will receive a further Award from the Krakow Bar in April in memory of Mr MarianAnczyk, of the Krakow Bar and last President of the Grandes Barreaux d’ Europe, and co-founder with Mr Eugenio Guy Montalvo of the FBE, Mr Eugenio Guy, former Dean of the Barcelona Bar was the first President of the FBE in 1992.

 

The other semi-finalists were:

Natalia Wachowiak from Poznan; Agnieszka Całka from Warsaw; Bérénice Dago-Pavlopoulos from Lyon; Trinidad Alonso from Madrid; Simranjit Digpal from South London Law Society; Andrea Lazzaron from Milan; Oriana Maria Elajalde Martins from Bilbao; Benjamin Pass from Westminster & Holborn; Paola Chamorros Cuenca from Madrid; Pawel Matyja from Katowice; Zuzanna Morawska-Zakroczymka from Warsaw; Cristina Prunea Anda from Cluj; Shira Notrika from South London Law Society; Martyna Kasperska from Warsaw.

 

All participants were GREAT !

 

The FBE  IIIrd Human Rights Oratory Competition for young lawyers and law students in 2020 is planned in Bilbao/Spain.

 

EVERYONE IS WELCOME !