Resolucion sobre la intervencion del servicio de inteligencia rumano en el Acto de Justicia rumano – Bologna, 19.05.18

El 19 de mayo de 2018, la Asamblea General de la Federación de Colegios de Abogados de Europa (FBE), que representa a 250 colegios de abogados y a su millón de abogados colegiados, expresó su profunda preocupación por el derecho de acceso de los ciudadanos rumanos a un sistema judicial libre e independiente y sobre la situación de los jueces, fiscales y abogados de Rumanía, observando que hay una interferencia con la independencia de jueces, fiscales, abogados y la administración de justicia debido a la intervención del servicio de inteligencia rumano en el trabajo de jueces y fiscales a través de la celebración de protocolos de cooperación entre el servicio secreto y el Consejo Superior del Poder Judicial, el Servicio de Inspección Judicial, el Tribunal Superior de Casación y Justicia, el Tribunal de Apelación y la Fiscalía General.

Instamos a las organizaciones de justicia a que cesen los protocolos secretos y restauren la independencia del sistema judicial destruyendo también los protocolos secretos y respetando el derecho de los ciudadanos rumanos a un juicio justo.

Resolucion de la Comision de Derechos Humanos sobre los derechos humanos en Turquia – Bologna, 19.05.18

La Asamblea General de la Federación de Colegios de Abogados de Europa (FBE) celebrada en Bolonia el 19 de mayo de 2018, que representa a 250 colegios de abogados y a su millón de abogados colegiados, expresó su profunda preocupación por la situación de los jueces, abogados y periodistas en Turquía.

De conformidad con la posición previa y constante de la FBE, instamos a que se ponga fin al arresto, detención y persecución arbitrarios de jueces, abogados y periodistas.

Pedimos que cese el uso de la tortura y los malos tratos por parte de las autoridades públicas y que se investiguen estos crímenes.

Pedimos que se proteja la independencia de las profesiones del ámbito jurídico y periodístico en Turquía, y se respeten los derechos humanos de jueces, abogados y periodistas.

Résolution relative au « Projet de loi de programmation pour la justice 2018-2022 » – Ragusa, 14.04.18

La Fédération des barreaux d’Europe, réunie à Ragusa, le 14 avril 2018 dans le cadre des Assises des barreaux de la Méditerranée, a adopté la résolution qui suit :

La Fédération des barreaux d’Europe partage les préoccupations des barreaux de France et d’outre-mer et de leurs instances représentatives, relatives au projet de loi de programmation pour la Justice devant prochainement être présenté en conseil des ministres.  

 Elle dénonce avec eux un projet inscrit dans un large mouvement de déjudiciarisation fondé sur des seules préoccupations comptables qui aboutissent à éloigner les citoyens de leurs juges et à fermer des juridictions.

Elle s’oppose aux atteintes aux libertés individuelles, aux droits des victimes et aux droits de la défense, que porte ce projet de loi,

Elle constate avec regret la création d’une justice privée confiée à des legal tech,

Elle regrette qu’il soit porté atteinte à l’indépendance de la magistrature par la suppression des tribunaux d’instance,

Elle se félicite de la mobilisation des avocats et magistrats français.

Elle soutient les positions actuellement tenues par les barreaux français et leurs instances représentatives,

Résolution relative à l’aide juridictionnelle au Liban – Ragusa, 14.04.18

La Fédération des Barreaux d’Europe, réunissant plus de 200 barreaux d’Europe et comptant plus de 800.000 avocats, réunie du 12 au 14 avril 2018 en Sicile à Ragusa à l’occasion des Assises de la Méditerranée,

Préoccupée par la grave crise engendrée par l’afflux de réfugiés syriens au Liban, constate que le système judiciaire libanais est mis à mal dès lors que le barreau de Beyrouth est placé dans l’impossibilité de faire face aux milliers de demandes d’accès au droit et à la justice de ces populations vulnérables, dans le cadre de l’aide juridictionnelle

Rappelle les valeurs fondamentales des droits de l’homme et du libre accès à la justice dans un Etat de droit.

Invite les autorités et institutions étatiques libanaises à remplir leurs obligations au titre de l’aide juridictionnelle.

Manifeste son total soutien et sa mobilisation en faveur du barreau de Beyrouth.

Invite ses barreaux membres à intervenir auprès de leurs autorités politiques respectives en vue de se rapprocher à cet égard de leurs homologues libanais .

FBE at the 17th Berlin Conference of the European Lawyers’ Profession – The Independence of the Judicial System

2017 November 3rd. Vice President Michele Lucherini and past President Michael Auer took part to the 17th  international conference of European Lawyers’s Profession in the site of the European Commission in Berlin.

The issue was about the Independence of the Judicial System and the different situation were examined and discussed.

The discussion was focused on the situation in Poland and Turkey: colleagues (advocates and consultants) from Warsaw and Istanbul was called to take the floor and explained their situations.

The situation in Turkey is very critical and many colleagues are confined to prison.

In Poland, the situation is just known to us, with little progress and fear of new attacks on the independence of the judiciary and therefore the judicial function, including lawyers.

Particular welcome was reserved to colleagues from Korea.

The FBE took part at the celebration of the “Pride of belonging to the Advocacy and Welcome for young Lawyers”

President Sara Chandler and Vice-President Michele Lucherini attend the annual ceremony held in Palermo on December 15th, 2017, giving an opening speech aimed at underlining the importance of international training for the young advocacy, the close connection of the whole advocacy in this area and the need to jointly face the issues related to the defense of rights and the independence of judicial systems. The FBE was described as a family of lawyers with strong values, which is united in working together to meet the challenges facing the legal profession, and the strong defence of access to justice for all people. The participants were invited to the FBE Congress in Bologna in May 2018.

FBE took part to the 120th SOFIA Bar Celebration.

2017 November 24th. Vice President Michele Lucherini took part to the 120th SOFIA Bar Celebration, taking the floor with a speech about the history about the institution of the Orders of Lawyers, passing FROM the lists  admitted in front of the courts TO the Order with special guarantee of independence and freedom and various self-ruler.

Resolution adopting the universal Declaration of Humankind rights – London, 11.11.17

The General Assembly of the European Bars Federation, gathered the 11th of November 2017 in London, has adopted the following resolution which incorporates the universal Declaration of Humankind rights :

 

The European Bars Federation,

 

Recognises the responsibility that accompanies the role of lawyers by reason of their privileged place in society together with their contribution to human and societal rights which represent the core of the lawyer’s mission.

Recognises that there can be no collective responsibility or progress of the rights of humankind without the rule of law and the role of the lawyer.

Unanimously adopts the text of the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Humankind. This declaration comprises four principles, six rights and six obligations reaffirming the right of all citizens of the earth to live in a world in which the future is not compromised by the lack of responsibility of the present.

Will promote the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Humankind amongst Bar Associations, Law Societies ; colleagues, and in civil and political life.

 

UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMANKIND RIGHTS

 

PREAMBLE

 

Whereas humanity and nature are in danger and that in particular the adverse effects of climate change, accelerated loss of biodiversity, degradation of land and ocean, are all violations of human rights and a vital threat to present and future generations.

Whereas the extreme gravity of the situation, which is a concern for all humanity, requires the recognition of new principles, rights and duties.

Whereas commitment to the principles and rights recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, including equality between women and men, as well as to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, are reaffirmed.

Whereas the peoples of Earth endorse the 1972 Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment, the 1982 New York World Charter for Nature, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development of 1992 and the 2000 Millennium Declaration and 2012 The Future We Want resolutions of the General Assembly of the United Nations.

Whereas the aforementioned danger is recognized by civil society, especially networks of people, organizations, institutions, and cities in the 2000 Earth Charter

Whereas humanity, which comprises all human individuals and organizations, includes past, present and future generations altogether, and that the very continuity of humanity rests on this intergenerational link.

Whereas the Earth, home to humanity, constitutes a whole marked by interdependence and reaffirming that the existence and the future of humanity are inseparable from its natural environment.

Whereas the fundamental rights of human beings and the duty to preserve nature are inherently interdependent, and with the conviction that good conservation of the environment and improvement of its quality are of vital importance.

Whereas present generations are especially responsible, this being especially true of all States, which have primary responsibility in the matter, but also of people, intergovernmental organizations, companies and notably multinational corporations, non-governmental organizations, local authorities and individuals.

Whereas this historical responsibility confers duties vis-à-vis the whole of humanity, and that these obligations are to be implemented through just, democratic, ecological and peaceful means.

Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity of humanity and all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.

Proclaims the principles, rights and duties that follow and adopts the present statement:

 

THE PRINCIPLES

 

ARTICLE I : The principle of intragenerational and intergenerational responsibility, equity and solidarity demands that the human family and in particular its States shall endeavor, in a common and differentiated manner, to safeguard and preserve humanity and Earth.

ARTICLE II : The principle of humanity and dignity of its members involves the satisfaction of their basic needs and the protection of their intangible rights. Each generation shall ensure compliance with this principle over time.

ARTICLE III : The principle of continuity of human existence guarantees the protection and future of humankind and nature through human activities that shall be prudent and respectful of nature, particularly of life, both human and non-human, and making every effort to prevent all serious or irreversible transgenerational consequences.

ARTICLE IV : The principle of non-discrimination between generations shall preserve humanity, particularly future generations, and requires that no activities or measures undertaken by the present generations shall have the effect of causing depletion or perpetuating excessive reduction of resources nor restriction of choices for future generations.

 

THE RIGHTS OF MANKIND

 

ARTICLE V : Humankind, like all living species, has the right to live in a healthy and ecologically sustainable environment.

ARTICLE VI : Humankind has the right to a responsible, equitable, inclusive and sustainable development.

ARTICLE VII : Humankind has the right to protection of its common, natural, cultural, tangible and intangible heritage.

ARTICLE VIII : Humankind has the right to the preservation of common goods, especially air, water and soil, and the right to universal and effective access to vital resources. Future generations are entitled to their transmission.

ARTICLE IX : Humankind has the right to peace, the peaceful settlement of disputes, and the right to human security in all dimensions, specifically environment, food, sanitation, economy and politics. This right is aimed in particular at preserving succeeding generations from the scourge of war.

ARTICLE X : Humankind has freedom of choice to determine its fate. This right is exercised by taking the long term into account, especially where rhythms inherent to humanity and nature are concerned, in collective choices.

 

THE DUTIES TOWARD HUMANITY

 

ARTICLE XI : The present generations have a duty to ensure respect for the rights of humankind as well as of all living species. The rights of mankind as a whole and human rights are indivisible and applicable to all future generations.

ARTICLE XII : The present generations, who are guarantors of resources, ecological balance, and of the common, natural, cultural, tangible and intangible heritage have a duty to ensure that this legacy is preserved and that it be used cautiously, responsibly and equitably.

ARTICLE XIII : To ensure the sustainability of life on Earth, the present generations have a duty to make every effort to preserve both the atmosphere and climate balance and to prevent, as much as possible, the displacement of people resulting from impact on the environment, and to otherwise rescue and protect the affected people.

ARTICLE XIV : The present generations have a duty to guide scientific and technical progress towards the preservation and health of mankind and other species. To this end, they must, in particular, ensure that any access and use of biological and genetic resources altogether respects human dignity, traditional knowledge and the maintenance of biodiversity.

ARTICLE XV : All States and other public and private stakeholders and entities have the duty to integrate the long-term perspective in their policies and to promote sustainable human development. This development, as well as the principles, rights and duties set forth in this Declaration shall be advanced through awareness raising, education and implementation initiatives.

ARTICLE XVI : All States have the duty to ensure the effectiveness of the principles, rights and duties proclaimed by this declaration, including through the implementation of appropriate mechanisms.

Resolution regarding the independence of lawyers, judges, prosecutors, and the administration of justice in Eastern Europe – London, 11.11.17

On the 11th  November 2017, the General Assembly of the FBE, which represents 250 member bars and ther 800.000 member lawyers, expressed its continuing concerns for the situation of lawyers and judges in Easten Europe, notably Romania, Poland, Serbia, and Bulgaria recognising the threat to the independence of lawyers, judges, prosecutors and administration of justice, as a result of  government policies and the intervention of politicians concerning the appointment, regulation and dismissal of judges, interference in the prosecution service and restrictions on the rights of lawyers representing their clients.